In response to the end of the Cold War-which has been both heralded and hotly debated throughout the last five years of glasnost and perestroika-Secretary of Defense Richard Cheney announces his "Proposal for Installation Closures and Force Realignment," which includes plans to close a number of military bases nationwide. The announcement comes on January 29, 1990. The initial plan recommends the closure of Fort Ord and the restationing of the Seventh Infantry Division to Fort Lewis, Washington. Fort Ord is the largest Army base on the Pentagon's list.

Change is coming quickly on both the local and global front. Two days after this announcement, the first McDonald's opens in Moscow. One week later, Nelson Mandela is released from prison in South Africa.

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